convulSPECIFICATIONS

 

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The Consolidated PBY 5A

 

General Data

 

Aircraft Manufacturer – Consolidated Aircraft Corporation founded in 1923 by Reuben Hollis Fleetin East Greenwich, Rhode Island would manufacture Isaac Machlin Laddon revolutionary designed PBY in:

Buffalo New York, USA

Norfolk Virginia, USA

New Orleans

Philadelphia

San Diego California USA

and Manufactured Under License in:

 Canada by:

 Vickers of Canada, Cartierville Quebec

Boeing of Canada Vancouver, British Columbia

Russia by

 Beriev’s Plant – Taganrog, Rostov Oblast, Russia

 

Primarily used by the:

 United States Navy

United States Army Air Forces

United States Coast Guard

Great Britain’s Royal Air Force

Royal Canadian Air Force

Royal Australian Air Force

Royal New Zealand Air Force

Soviet Air Force

France

Netherlands

Brazil

 

The List of WWII and post WWII Countries and their Air Forces that have operated the Consolidated PBY Catalina:


XP3Y-1 First FlightMarch 15, 1935 from Hampton Road Virginia, USA

Longest Military Flight Coco Solo Naval Air Station Panama Canal to San Francisco, California a distance of 3,281 nm

Longest Civilian Flight By QANTAS Airlines ( Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Service ) “Perth Australia  to Colombo Sri Lanka, a distance of 3,592 nm

Production Range 1936-1945

Total Production +- 3280 not including the Soviet GST’s. Gidro Samolyet Transportnaya or hydro aircraft transport

Aircraft Designations PBY- GST- A-10, OA-10, PBN, PBV, PB2B, PB3Y, P3Y

Nick names Catalina, Canso, Cat, Black Cat, Mad Cat, Dumbo, MOP, Y-Boat, Pig Boat

Primary Military service period1936 – 1948

Passengers: 14 airliner configuration – up to 28 charter

PBY-5A Crew:

Pilot

Co-pilot

Radioman

Navigator

Flight Mechanic

Bow turret gunner

Waist gunners x 2

Ventral gunner

 Crew Battle Stations:

Pilot and Co-pilot Stations

 Engineers Station

 Bomber-Bow gunner’s Station

 Radio Operators Station

 Waist gun Stations x 2

 Tunnel Ventral Gunner Station


 Distinguishing Features

parasol

Wing Tip Float

PBY Wingtip Float1PBY Stations and Compartments

1


Technical Data

Consolidated PBY–5A Catalina

 

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 All specifications are based on manufacturer’s calculations. All performance figures are based on standard day, standard atmosphere, sea level, military gross weight conditions unless otherwise noted.

 Length: – 63 ft 10 in (19.46 m)

Height:

On Wheels: (with top blade vertical) – 21 ft 1 in (6.15 m)

Ground to the Top of the Wing: – 13 ft 5 in

Wingspan: – 104 ft (31.70 m)

With Floats Down: – 100 ft

Float Thread: – 89 ft 4 inch

Float Width: – 2 ft

Float Length: – 10 ft 4 inch

Wing Area: – 1400 sq ft (130 sq m)

Cord at Root: 15 ft

Cord at Tip: 10 ft

Angle of Incidence: 6 degrees

Zero-Lift Drag coefficient: – 0.0309

Drag Area: – 43.26 ft² (4.02 m²)

Aspect Ratio: – 7.73

Wing Loading: – 25.3 lb/ft² (123.6 kg/m²)

Lift-to-Drag Ratio: – 11.9

Hull Width: – 10 ft 2.5 in (3.11 m)

Hull Height: – 8 ft 4 in (3.11 m)

Draught at 27,000 lbs – 0.8 m – 2 ft 9 in

Propeller to Water Height: – 4 ft (1.2 m) *Paddle Blade*

Propeller to Ground  Height: – 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m) *Paddle Blade*

Main Gear Tread: – 16 ft 7 inch

Main Gear Tire Size – 47 inch contour

Main Gear Air Pressure: – 54 psi

Nose Gear Tire Size – 30 inch contour

Nose Gear Air Pressure – 35 psi

 


Weights

Empty Weight: – 20,910 lb (9,485 kg)

 Max Takeoff weight:

Military

Wheels: – 35,420 lbs (16,066 kg)

Water: – smooth 34,500 lbs

Water: – rough 27,300 lbs

Civilian

Wheels: – 30,500 lb (13,834 kg)

Water:(Waves over 2 feet) 28,000 lbs

Water:(Waves under 2 feet) 30,500 lbs

Max Landing Weight:

Runway: – 28,000 lb (12,700 kg)

Rough Water: – 27,300 lb (12,380 kg)

three-sidedPBY


Propulsion System

Pratt and Whitney

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2 Pratt & Whitney – Two 14 cylinder Twin Wasp Radial Piston R-1830-92 Engines capable of producing 1200 bhp each.

Supercharger – Single Speed

Power/Mass: – 0.034 hp/lb (0.056 kW/kg)

Engine Overhaul Life – 1000 hours TBO

Pratt & Whitney R-1830 engines were the most produced aviation engines ever built. These twin-row, 14-cylinder radial engines were also used on the B–24 Liberator, the Douglas DC–3, the Grumman F4F Wildcat.


Propellers

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Propeller – Hamilton Standard Hydromatic constant speed,

Toothpick

Length: 69″

Width: 11″

Diameter – 11 ft 6 in

Paddle

Length: 66″

Width: 12.5″

Diameter – 11 ft

 


Fluids

Fuel  –  Supplied by two engine driven fuel pumps

Carburetors: – – Two-barrel Stromberg

Normal Octane: – Avgas 100/130

Minimum Octane: – Avgas 91

Capacity:

Imperial: – 1,457.6 gal (6623.6 L)

         US: – 1,750.0 gal (6624.4 L)

Per Side:

Imperial: – 728.8 gal (3313.1L)

         US: – 875.0 gal (3312.2 L)

Self Sealing Fuel Tanks: – When self sealing cells are installed in a:
                Single Tank – Total fuel capacity in both tanks drops to 1,242.5 i
imp gal or 513.7 imp gal in the self sealing celled tank
and 728.8 imp gal in the other not self sealing tank.
OR
When self sealing cells are installed in:
Both Tanks: – Total fuel capacity in both tanks drops to 1,032.5 imp gal
or 516.25 imp gal per side

Consumption Per Engine: – 28 – 35 gal/hr (105 – 135 l/hr)

Wheel Well Tanks (Optional): – 170 imp gal per side

Fuel Weight:  1457 imp gal at 7.29 lbs would be approx 10,622 lbs


Engine Oil

Oil tank capacity: – 63.2 imp gal (220 L)

Usable per engine: – 54 imp gal

Foaming Space: – 9 imp gal

Oil Consumption: – 0 0.5 gal/hr (2 l/hr)

Oil Grade:

New Overhaul –  Mineral Oil

After 100 hours: – 100 ash dispersant


Hydraulic System Fluid is supplied by an engine driven, 2 gpm, pesco type pump from the starboard engine.

Reservoir Location: – Outboard side of the starboard engine nacelle immediately aft of the firewall

Reservoir Capacity: – 2 imp gal

Hydraulic System Capacity: – 7 imp gal

System Hydraulic Pressure: – 800 – 1000 psi


Performance

Maximum Power(at take off) – 1,200 BHP

Power Settings:

    Take Off Power:           – 2700 RPM – 48” mp
1st Power Reduction:   – 2550 RPM – 41″ mp
2nd Power Reduction:  – 2325 RPM – 35″ mp – Climb
3rd: Power Reduction   – 2050 RPM – 28″ mp – Cruise

 Take-off Speed

Water: – 75 – 80 KIAS

Land: – 75 KIAS

 Takeoff distance, ground roll, land – 1,750 ft

Takeoff distance over 50-ft obstacle, land  – 3,590 ft

 Climb Power Setting: – 2325 and 35″ mp

 Climb Speed: – 90 KIAS – 103 mph (165 km/h)

 Rate of Climb – 610 ft/min (5.1 m/s) at Sea Level

 Cruise Power Setting: – 1850 – 2050 RPM and 28” mp

 Cruise Speed: – 108.6 KIAS – 124 mph (201 km/h)

Cruise speed/endurance w/45-min reserve, standard fuel (fuel consumption, both engines) 7,000 ft @ 68% power, best economy | 109 kt/18.5 hr (516 pph/86 gph)

 Maximum Speed: – 170.3 KIAS – 196 mph (314 km/h)

 Approach Speed: – 90 KIAS

 Landing Speed:- 75 KIAS – 85 mph (138 km/h)

 Max Water Landing Speed: – 80 KIAS

 Landing distance over 50-ft obstacle, land  – 1,290 ft

 Landing distance, ground roll  – 2,800 ft

 Stall Speed: @ 27,000 lbs

Clean: – approx 58 KIAS

 Dirty: – approx 63 KIAS with a 400 fpm sink rate

 


Airspeed Limitations

 

METO (Maximum Except Take-Off) – 41.5″ MP – 2550 RPM

V1Take-off can no longer be safely aborted – 65 KIAS

V2Takeoff safety speed with one engine inoperative – 85 KIAS

VNENever Exceed Speed  – 173 KIAS

Vb Max in Gusting Turbulence – 100 KIAS

VNO Structural Cruising Speed – 137 KIAS

VLE Maximum Gear Lowering – 120 KIAS

VLO Maximum Gear Operating – 120 KIAS

VFLOATS  Max Float Lowering Speed – 122 KIAS

Va Maneuvering Speed – 106 KIAS

VMC Minimum Control w/one eng inoperative  – 83 KIAS

VX Best Angle of Climb – 70 KIAS

VY  Best Rate of Climb – 85 KIAS

VS1 Stall Clean at 27,000 lbs – 58 KIAS

    VS1  Stall – Floats and Gear Down – 63 KIAS

VSSE Safe Single Engine Speed – 84 kts (110%VMC)

VSE Single Engine Climb Speed [VSE] – 87 KIAS

VFLOATS  Max Float Lowering Speed – 122 KIAS


Endurance

Range: – 2,520 miles – 2189.8 nm (4,030 km)

Maximum Endurance: – Longest non-stop flight 31 hrs 45 min.

Service Ceiling – 15,800 ft (4,000 m):

Maximum Cruising Altitude: – 18,200 ft (5,547m)

 

Armament

For offensive operations, the PBY-5A could carry either

2000 pounds of bombs and two torpedoes

or

four 325-pound depth charges

Plus ammunition for

3× .30 cal (7.62 mm) machine guns (two in nose turret, one in ventral hatch at tail) 2× .50 cal (12.7 mm) machine guns (one in each waist blister)